Yom Kippur: A Community Lens

(credit: ©iStockphoto.com/lipmic)

(credit: ©iStockphoto.com/lipmic)

Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish year, the Day of Atonement, marks the end of 40 days of penitence and commemorates the day that God forgave the Jewish people for the folly and sin of the Golden Calf.

In contemporary Judaism, however, Yom Kippur serves as a day to atone for sins from the past year. For community members, the holiday — on Oct. 12 — has varied and deep meanings.

“I think that Yom Kippur gives us the opportunity to wipe clean the slate of the past year,” said Rachel Glaser, an Owings Mills resident. “For me, it gives me the opportunity to set things right if there are people that I may have  had disagreements with, or if  I did not live up to my own  expectations for myself or the expectations of others in my community. My whole relationship to God is through the lens of my relationships with my community, my family and the world. I don’t see it as something separate. I reflect a lot on Yom Kippur and stay all day in synagogue, I use the words of the prayers to inspire me on how to approach this new opportunity to make things better.”

“Yom Kippur is the day the accountant comes,” said Martin Perel, who was eating at Goldberg’s New York Bagels on a recent afternoon. “You have your moral books checked to see if you’re in the red or the black.”

This thought was mirrored by Shomrim spokesman Nathan Willner, who shared, “Yom Kippur really just represents new  beginnings and time for introspection. It means taking a moral inventory of your year’s work, celebrating your successes and taking the time to improve on how you deal with challenges.”

I don’t just think to be  forgiven for  the past year  on Yom Kippur; it’s a time to think about  how you live your life. — Gail Walton

“It’s about forgiveness, not just atonement,” said Ruby Grossblatt, a Jewish reporter from Atlanta who was in Baltimore to get married and was also dining at Goldberg’s. “It is about forgiving yourself as well as others. You want to make a better year and come back to your roots a little.”

“All of the holidays were ingrained in me by the way I was raised, but I believe that God is forgiving, no matter what you do,” said Gail Walton, another Goldberg’s customer. “I don’t just think to be forgiven for the past year on Yom Kippur; it’s a time to think about how you live your life.”

This belief seems to be becoming more and more common. One aspect of the holiday that has shifted over the years is the form in which people seek repentance. The traditional practice for the holiday is to fast and reflect on the past year. However, many people in the community find that being active and volunteering in the community in the 10 days  between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur — the Days of Awe — is an another way  to derive meaning from the holiday.

Walton explained: “A rabbi that I met at Suburban Orthodox Congregation Toras Chaim once told me, ‘Going to synagogue and praying isn’t being a good Jew. It’s what’s in your heart and what you do.’ My son decided the other day, ‘I want to do a mitzvah, it is the High Holidays.’ He went and helped somebody apply for college, someone who didn’t about the process and needed some help. I believe that performing a mitzvah can make up for everything.”

David Bienenstock, a retired day school teacher, said Yom Kippur is a happy day for him.

“Even though you are fasting, the idea is that whatever you’ve done over the year, you will get forgiven at the end of the day if you did what you are supposed to do,” he said. “It is an intense and busy day but knowing that you will be forgiven is worth it.”

Bienenstock also makes sure to engage the community around the High Holidays. “Every year for many years,” he said, “I have been going to people’s houses to blow shofar for them. People will write to or call me and ask me to come for all sorts of reasons. Some people are ailing and bedridden, some people have young children. I got a call from a man whose wife had just had leg surgery.”

Like Bienenstock, Yom Kippur turns over a new leaf for others.

“When Yom Kippur is over, I feel that something is different in me,” said Glaser. “I sense a new spirit in myself, and the challenge is to maintain that momentum over the course of the year.”


Have a Very Veggie Holiday

Debra Wasserman’s tahini peanut confection

Debra Wasserman’s tahini peanut confection

Here’s a tricky one: If a vegan were to garnish his or her “nonmeat meat” product (say, a tofu dog) with nondairy cheese, would the culinary combination prove to be a violation of kosher law?

“Our goal is not to go around rules like that,” said Debra Wasserman, who is the co-director and co-founder of the Baltimore-based Vegetarian Resource Group. As with this nationwide nonprofit she has successfully run for the past 35 years, Wasserman’s goal is one of educating and “making it easier for anyone who wants to become a vegetarian or vegan in any situation.”

Diane Bravmann’s un-chicken soup

Diane Bravmann’s un-chicken soup

One such perfect situation, Wasserman — who has been a staunch vegan since 1980 — suggested is the High Holiday dinners, when delectable yet salubrious alternatives to traditional recipes can be attempted to stimulate one’s and one’s family’s taste buds while heartily fortifying the rest of the body.

Born and raised in Long Island, N.Y., Wasserman received her master’s in international relations from Georgetown University. It was in Washington, D.C., where she became involved in a vegetarian group before arriving in Baltimore with her husband, Charles. The spousal team was dedicated to either finding a similar vegetarian group in its new home city or, barring that, starting one of its own, which is exactly what happened.

Three decades later, Wasserman is a national beacon for healthy dietary choices, having authored such books as “Lowfat Jewish Vegetarian Cookbook” and “No Cholesterol Passover Recipes,” whose recipes she has demonstrated for salivating audiences through such largescale outlets as “Good Morning America.”

“People need to focus on healthier foods: fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and stop focusing on processed garbage,” Wasserman said. “Because I’m Jewish, I often work in that area. I’ve always told people who don’t know where to begin to consider their history.”

As Wasserman extrapolated, “If you look at Jews in the past and from around the world, they were certainly much more organic in their culinary choices. Jews come from all over, and there are so many recipes for the holidays to choose from, as long as people keep an open mind.”

“No matter what your level of Judaism,” Wasserman said, “you can do this.”

There are a lot of misconceptions about what vegans eat, but almost without exception I can tell you  vegans love food.” — Jeffrey Cohan


If anything, preparing vegetarian and vegan foods for the High Holidays “makes keeping kosher infinitely easier,” according to Jeffrey Cohan, executive director of Jewish Veg (formerly Jewish Vegetarians of North America).

Debra Wasserman’s cabbage salad

Debra Wasserman’s cabbage salad

Cohan’s group, which he has been running for the past four years, is based out of Pittsburgh but has satellites in California and New York, where the 41-year-old nonprofit’s board meets.

“Our mission is to encourage and help people to transition to plant-based diets, partially on the basis of Jewish values and primarily within the Jewish community,” Cohan said.

Cohan believes that his organization’s proposition of “veganism as ultimate  objective” by way of “reducing consumption of animal products, including meat, eggs and dairy” is essentially as Jewish as, well, apple kugel.

“Our organization couldn’t even exist if a plant-based diet wasn’t a Jewish ideal,” Cohan continued. “This was how we were supposed to be eating all along.”

As Cohan put it, there’s a three-part  argument at work here about which “there’s no debate from rabbis.”

Firstly, Cohan pointed to the Torah’s  recounting of the first conversation between God and man as dictated by Genesis:  “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; and to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to everything that moves on the earth which has life, I have given every green plant for food.”

Cohan again referenced the holy tome for his second piece of evidence.

“While meat eating is permitted, more often than not, the Torah presents it in a negative context and in some contexts,  extremely negative,” Cohan said. “So the idea is clearly communicated.”

Cohan rests his case with “three words all Jewish people should know: tzar baalei chayim, or the ‘prevention of animal suffering.’ This is a core concept of Judaism, rooted in numerous verses in the Torah.”

Jewish Veg supporters enjoying vegan food at the organization’s 40th anniversary celebration

Jewish Veg supporters enjoying vegan food at the organization’s 40th anniversary celebration

As Cohan pronounced, “Simply put, what’s happening in animal treatment today is a desecration of tzar baalei chayim. Therefore, no meat could be considered kosher, because you can’t have a mitzvah enabled by a sin.”

Baltimore native and Pikesville resident Diane Bravmann became a vegetarian “and mostly vegan,” as she made sure to add, 42 years ago after the birth of her first child “taught me to focus more on food and quality from the standpoint of prepared baby food versus making your own.”

In concert with Cohan’s assertion, Bravmann views the restorative choice she’s made as an inherently Jewish perspective.

“For me, it all goes together,” she said. “Our purpose is to heal the Earth and help others and do work beyond ourselves.  All that goes with taking care of the environment and all the inhabitants of our  environment. Judaism fits right into that.”

Along with her elevated sensitivity  toward animal treatment and awareness of the kinds of food she was preparing for her children, Bravmann credits another crucial factor in her galvanization toward vegetarianism: a wider availability of product.

After seeing more and more specialized foods in markets, particularly the likes of Whole Foods and Trader Joe’s, Bravmann and other vegetarians/vegans discovered an entirely new colorful palette of ingredients with which to design their strategy toward foodie wellness.

Wasserman concurs that proliferate specialty stores such as Whole Foods and, now, other mainstream chains carrying a larger spate of alternative products makes the vegetarian/vegan transition that much simpler.

“You can imagine the demand is pretty high right now,” she said.

“There are a lot of misconceptions about what vegans eat, but almost without exception I can tell you vegans love food,” Cohan cheerfully proclaimed.

“We believe in our movement that food is our greatest asset and we’re not suffering any deprivations.”

Cohan is equally excited as Wasserman and Bravmann that, for example, “whereas it used to be a real problem for vegans, now the quality and quantity of nondairy cheese is really tremendous.”

Hence a favorite of his: lasagna made with nondairy cheese in lieu of mozzarella and ricotta.

For the Holidays in particular, Cohan suggested starting with something that is basically as familiar as that lasagna of his with the vegetarian/vegan twist. This way, family and friends won’t be too inhibited from eating the new concoction that they may end up finding surprisingly delicious if only they’d give it a chance.

“You might bring something that they may have never tried before and they might be wary, but when they do try it, the vast majority of the time, they’ll find that what they’re eating is just as good as the animal-based version,” Cohan said.

“Use the same names as traditional dishes like kugel and challah and then increase health properties and variety by using vegan recipes,” Bravmann said. “Use tofu for your kugel instead of dairy products, for instance. You’re taking the familiar and traditional and making them even more nutritious and appealing.”

Bravmann has in the past made stuffing with vegetable broth and mushrooms as opposed to chicken or beef stock, throwing in various nuts and chia or hemp seeds that boost the nutritional value further still. Bravmann said she enjoys only using the same recipe once, improvising subsequent preparations to keep the process creative.

She’s struggled to figure out a name for the dish mentioned, which she referred to merely as a kind of “un-soup”, adding that it “will look like a chicken soup but it’s not. And people say, ‘Wow! This is even better than chicken soup.’”

Wasserman prefers the sweet to the savory and brought up her Romanian sweet pasta dish, which involves cooking pasta, heating up some maple syrup with ground walnuts or poppy seeds in a pot, adding lemon rind, clover and raisins in order to create something that can replace kugel on the dinner table.

What about apples and honey? Wasserman revealed a Jewish vegan would need to find an alternative here as well, since honey is an animal product, one whose  acquiring can often lead to a cataclysmic disturbance of bee communities, including decimation of whole hives and, as we’re discovering these days, the diminishment of bee numbers to near extinction.

Instead of honey, Wasserman might use agave nectar or an organic product called Bee Free Honee that is made from organic apples, a little bit of lemon juice and cane sugar.

Even a kind of brisket can find itself on the table of a Jewish vegan family, one that might use a wheat-based product called seitan as a mouthwatering replacement.

“It’s really just as tasty as any brisket your mom makes, but without the cholesterol and without the saturated fat,” Cohan said.

“You can get anything — cakes, pies, puddings, rugalach —without dairy or eggs. And it’s all relatively easy to make. You can modify any recipe to taste or dietary restriction.”


Judaica Shops Roll with the Times

(Courtesy: giftsbygilda.com)

(Courtesy: giftsbygilda.com)

Tucked away on a quiet street in the basement of a Baltimore residence near Pikesville sits one of the area’s best-kept secrets of Judaica items: Gifts  by Gilda.

Known to loyal clients as “The Museum,” Gifts by Gilda, the brainchild of Gilda Naiman, has specialized in the selling of sterling silver items, many of which are imported from around the United States and Israel, since its founding in 1985.

At this time of the year, with Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur quickly approaching, sterling silver apple and honey dishes and jars are among the most popular items for Naiman’s customers.

“Once someone finds out about us, they always come back,” said Naiman, who added her business is performing as well as it ever has. “If someone asks around, they will find us, and we tend to find that our sales pick up for the High Holidays because of our unique selections. We pride ourselves on having the most competitive, cheapest prices while offering the best quality of products.”

Naiman, 52, and several others in the Greater Baltimore area are among a shrinking landscape of Judaica store owners and employees who are fighting to remain relevant in the ever-changing retail industry.

Shabsi Schneider, a 65-year-old Park Heights resident who has owned and  operated Shabsi’s Judaica Center for the last two-plus decades, said his store at 6830 Reisterstown Road continues to thrive despite increased competition from online retailers.

“We have been able to develop a strong following from the different communities around our store,” Schneider said. “People who live in areas that don’t have Judaica stores, they come to us a lot for whatever needs they may have.”

Just last year, however, Pern’s Hebrew Book & Gift Shop, a longtime staple in the area, closed its doors after more than 41 years. Several years ago, Naiman closed her second location on Reisterstown Road, citing that she no longer needed the extra space.

Rabbi Kerry Olitzky, executive director of Big Tent Judaism, formerly known as the Jewish Outreach Institute, said Judaica shops in general will have to adapt to avoid falling by the wayside.

“I think, like other Jewish institutions, the Judaica shop will have to become a mission-drive institution if it’s going to survive into the next generation,” Olitzky said. “So the question is: How can a Judaica shop reimagine  itself as providing a service that isn’t accessible?”

That’s a question Schneider has attempted to answer with his well-stocked assortment of Jewish supplies and gifts.

According to Schneider, who ships orders all around the country, his shop is the largest retailer of Jewish books (Hebrew and English) and Judaica  outside the state of New York.

At “The Museum,” there is no shortage of sterling silver items, many imported from Israel. (Justin Silberman)

At “The Museum,” there is no shortage of sterling silver items, many imported from Israel. (Justin Silberman)

“I try to keep all new titles on everything we carry,” he said. “I think that people find that when they come into the store, they are able to pick up  exactly what they want.”

In addition to apples and honey dishes and shofars — which Schneider said have been flying off the shelves — some of the most popular items he sells are Jewish calendars, candlesticks and children’s toys and games. Schneider, like Naiman, said his High Holidays sales are as high as he can recall in recent memory.

“A lot people come into our store not knowing exactly what they want to buy,” Schneider said. “But some people want to browse through the store to pick up and touch these items. I think one of the big advantages we have over going just online is that if you don’t know what you want, you can come in and browse, try it out and buy it if you choose.”

Synagogues have also had to modify their approach of how they manage their Judaica shops. Baltimore Hebrew Congregation, for example, houses one of the largest Judaica shops of any synagogue in the area and receives a lot of foot traffic from the various events it hosts throughout the year.

According to BHC gift shop business manager Ann Fishkin, the congregation and shop put a heavy emphasis on stocking up with items from local  vendors to help appeal to members and visitors alike.

While she said things have been a bit quieter than she would have hoped, Fishkin is pleased the congregation’s members still support the shop, and the shop, in turn, is able to help the congregation.

“Our goal has always been to supply Jewish families with Judaica in their homes, so we try to buy items that we think will be appropriate for those homes,” Fishkin said.

Olitzky said there is a critical element all Judaica shops can always offer that patrons won’t readily find behind a computer screen, laptop, smartphone or tablet.

“If you look at the changing retail landscape, the stores that are surviving — with the  exception of the big-box stores — are those that are providing products and services that give a hands-on experience,” he said. “That’s a very integral experience in terms of Jewish education. People still want an opportunity for that local pizza shop, that local dry cleaners, etc.”


Bay Bank Sponsors High Holiday Israel Bonds

Bay Bank screenshot announcing its partnership with Israel Bonds

Bay Bank screenshot announcing its partnership with Israel Bonds

Israel Bonds Maryland has been collaborating with Hopkins Federal Savings Bank for a decade, supporting the tradition of equally matching all  Israel bonds investments by the community during the High Holidays. The acquisition of Hopkins Federal Savings Bank by Bay Bank earlier this year left some people uncertain about whether this support would continue. However, Bay Bank has confirmed that this partnership will not be impacted. The High Holidays match will continue this year.

Along with their other partners, The Associated: Jewish Community Federation of Baltimore, the Haron Dahan Foundation and the Sandra R. & Malcolm C. Berman Charitable Foundation, Israel Bonds has successfully raised more $75 million of investments for Israel in the past decade with this program.

“Having Bay Bank as a matching partner continues the program started by Hopkins Federal Savings Bank and strengthens the bond between the Baltimore community and Israel,” said Alan Dorenfeld,  Israel Bonds’ executive director in Maryland, in a news release.

“We are proud to continue Hopkins Federal Savings Bank’s 10-year tradition,” said the CEO of Bay Bank, Joseph J. Thomas, in a prepared statement.

The news release also states: “An Israel bond investment declares appreciation for the ideals and values of the State of Israel — democracy, diversity and putting human creativity and ingenuity to work to make the world a cleaner, safer, healthier, better place.”

Messages for the New Year Seven rabbis talk High Holidays and sermons

The High Holidays are a particularly heavy time of the year: a time for reflection, renewal, forgiveness and repentance for individuals, the Baltimore Jewish  community and the Jewish world at large.

For rabbis in the Greater Baltimore area, there is no uniform approach to composing sermons for the High Holidays nor uniform topics to cover. Some plan to cover topical issues such as the refugee crisis — although most plan to stay away from politics — while others plan to address more universal spiritual topics.

The JT spoke with seven area rabbis to hear about their approaches to the High Holidays. Here’s what they had to say.

— Marc Shapiro


Rabbi Dana Saroken

Rabbi Dana Saroken (Photo by David Stuck)

Rabbis Dana Saroken and Steven Schwartz

Beth El Congregation
Rabbi Dana Saroken, who joined Beth El in 2007 as the congregation’s first female rabbi, touches on certain topics each year, maintaining soulful and spiritual themes in her Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur sermons.

This year, she’ll be focusing heavily on the Jewish society striving for happiness and the way people engage and value one another in a world that has become divided and polarized, as well as regret. Saroken will incorporate a bevy of techniques in her sermons to have her audience think outside the box.

“I try to address a range of topics over the course of the holidays and to find messages that have broad application and meaning,” Saroken said. “I also use a lot of kavannot (introductions) to the prayers and themes in the service to get people thinking. The main goal of the [High] Holy Days isn’t to move through the Machzor (prayer book) page by page. It’s to have the prayers and the experience of the day move us, so that we emerge from the [High] Holy Days as different people than we were when we began them.”

While spending countless months of coming up with these themes, Saroken hopes her congregants take a step back to think of the bigger picture and push that discussion beyond their everyday lives.

Rabbi Steven Schwartz (Photo by David Stuck)

Rabbi Steven Schwartz (Photo by David Stuck)

“Where do we need to be awakened? What causes are worthy of our time? And how can we be agents of change amidst the brokenness?” Saroken said.

“The moment that the shofar blasts at Neilah, marking the conclusion of Yom Kippur, we have a clean slate. We rid ourselves of the albatrosses and regrets and pain and brokenness that we as human beings with consciences inevitably carry, and we can go forth into the world and begin anew.”

For the first day of Rosh Hashanah, Saroken and senior rabbi Steven Schwartz will each hold separate services. On the second day, they will join together to cap all three services they hold for adults. There will also be sermons going on around the congregation simultaneously on both days for both teenagers and young children.

Some rabbis opt to bring current events into the fold, discussing subjects that might spark heated debates such as this year’s presidential race between Democrat Hillary Clinton and Republican Donald Trump.

Although he said he won’t spend too much time dwelling on the matter, Schwartz will touch on the election and the two major party candidates during his Rosh Hashanah evening sermon.

“I think that it is a highly unusual election cycle,” said Schwartz, who has been with Beth El since 1998. “I think people are anxious about it, and I think people are going to vote for a candidate they don’t feel fully invested in.”

— Justin Silberman


Rabbi Steven Fink (Photo by David Stuck)

Rabbi Steven Fink (Photo by David Stuck)

Rabbi Steven Fink

Temple Oheb Shalom
Rabbi Steven Fink of Temple Oheb Shalom has the routine for his sermons down pat. Fink, 65, starts compiling ideas for his sermons and drafting them during the summer while making sure not to get too far ahead of himself.

This year, he has settled on a number of societal and cultural themes that many in the Jewish community find pressing.

Starting with Rosh Hashanah, he will address the difference between being alone and lonely in his evening service and then share his vision for America in his morning service.

“I won’t be speaking about the presidential election, but I’ll be speaking about my vision for America,” Fink said. “I’ll be talking about the ideals America aspires to achieve and how we should strive toward those ideals.”

For Yom Kippur, in his evening service, he will dissect how to fix the brokenness that many carry with them throughout their lives. He will spend his morning service examining what traits help make up a Jewish person’s DNA.

Fink’s sermons, which typically run anywhere from 10 to 20 minutes depending on the topic, may deviate from what he’s written if he finds that it is warranted.

In his 17 years at Oheb Shalom, Fink said there is one special humbling prayer not commonly practiced in Reform synagogues that he especially looks forward to.

“One of our most beautiful traditions is that during Yom Kippur afternoon during the Great Aleinu, the rabbis and cantor touch our heads to the floor at during the appropriate time,” Fink said. “When it says we bow our knees, we literally just put our knees on the floor and touch our floors to the head to show our complete humility before God.”

— Justin Silberman


Rabbi Etan Mintz (Photo by David Stuck)

Rabbi Etan Mintz (Photo by David Stuck)

Rabbi Etan Mintz

Congregation B’nai Israel


A Bergen County, N.J., native, Rabbi Etan Mintz, 38, of Modern Orthodox Congregation B’nai Israel in downtown Baltimore saw his move to the area as “an incredible opportunity,” one that has greatly heartened his wife and him for the past four years they’ve been here.

“I’m really taken by the opportunity in particular of developing and revitalizing Jewish life downtown,” Mintz said, delighting over the confluence of tradition he sees in the historic synagogue out of which his congregation is housed with the vibrant revivification the building and surrounding region has been undergoing.

Examples of physical renovation include repainting the building itself and making the space more accessible for older and/or disabled congregants wishing to join in on services. On a spiritual level, Mintz made sure to add, this renewal is one of his own “leading the congregation toward more personal study and reflection in order to have a greater individual religious growth.”

Mintz has been preparing a sermon for Rosh Hashanah that will expand upon “finding meaning and purpose in living every day to its fullest” along with the similar reverence for history and tradition fostered by more topical reflection that marks his excitement at having settled in Baltimore and at B’nai Israel.

It is essential to Mintz that his is a congregation that “focuses on spiritual value” and maintains an “open, warm, nonjudgmental environment.”

Hence, congregants can expect a Yom Kippur service that will be “not only spiritually uplifting but filled with energy and song,” courtesy Mintz’s bringing in a group of vocalists who will accompany their chazzan in order to “have more harmony for the formal service.”

Prefaced by a calming and reflective meditation, Mintz believes this thoughtful melding of a vocal group with the music of the chazzan will allow for “more intensity” of the experience for those present at a service he promises will be “filled with ruach.”

Although Mintz said he will not speak directly about the upcoming presidential election in his sermon, he intends to “touch on issues surrounding it: the importance of civil discourse and trying to make sure the conversation is uplifting,” with a hope that these conversations will be imbued with Jewish values, especially around the High Holidays.

— Mathew Klickstein


Rabbi Yisrael “Sruli” Motzen (Photo provided)

Rabbi Yisrael “Sruli” Motzen (Photo provided)

Rabbi Yisrael “Sruli” Motzen

Ner Tamid Greenspring Valley Congregation


At first blush, Ner Tamid’s Rabbi Yisrael Motzen may surprise some as unconventionally young at the age of 32.

As Motzen laughed heartily, it’s in fact an attribute he refused to reveal when asked during a recent interview with another local media outlet.

But with four children and a master’s in counseling from Johns Hopkins University in conjunction with his bachelor’s in Talmudic Law from prestigious Pikesville yeshiva Ner Israel, the Montreal-born Modern Orthodox rabbi is anything but unprepared for the sacred role he took on four-and-a-half years ago.

Motzen’s infectious, ebullient spirit grants him a refreshing air of a leader primed to guide his congregants toward the new year with an almost palpable cheer.

Armed with his youthful vitality and effervescent ready-to-launch mindset, Motzen confessed that he has yet to consign to paper the thoughts that will be expressed during his High Holiday services.

Though he’s well aware that many rabbis toil tirelessly throughout the summer or perhaps earlier still over their sermons, such is not the style of Motzen who prefers to be fueled by the sense of raw intensity he feels waiting until the last minute. This sensibility also allows his message to be one of supreme timeliness, something that will touch on the most current exigencies of his congregants.

“It’s challenging,” Motzen admits about his admittedly unorthodox approach. “The size of our synagogue just about doubles during the holidays, and there’s a real pressure of having that perfect message for all the people you’ll maybe see only three times a year.”

Although it’s Motzen’s intention to make sure that those attending his services feel welcome and comfortable, his slightly contrarian methodology again reveals itself in his goal of also “pushing people a little out of their comfort zone.”

Indeed, he doesn’t want those joining him to be too at ease, lest they miss out on his overall suggestion of “finding a way to think a little differently during this time of year.” Motzen’s satisfaction will come from their “walking out a little different than they were when they walked in.”

— Mathew Klickstein


Rabbi Sonya Starr (Photo provided)

Rabbi Sonya Starr (Photo provided)

Rabbi Sonya Starr

Columbia Jewish Congregation
According to Rabbi Sonya Starr, what makes Reconstructionist Judaism different from other sects “is a belief that there is no one person who is charged with interpreting, teaching or transforming tradition for others.”

“I don’t teach you how to keep kosher. Rather, I tell you my understanding of kashrut, but it is your job as an educated Jew to decide what works best for you,” she said. “I serve more as a facilitator than as an educator.”

For Rosh Hashanah, Columbia Jewish Congregation will be having its first day’s services at the Wilde Lake Interfaith Center. Age-appropriate programming will be provided for children and teens on Monday morning, whereas Sunday evening will be a more communal service.

Additionally, Tashlich will occur at the Wilde Lake Boat Dock on Sunday evening.

In her sermon, Starr plans to address change — “the fact that we always change, whether it is conscious or not.” According to the rabbi, “This whole month allows us to make that change conscious, to reflect on what we want to achieve and how we can be better. We talk about positive change and repentance, but this is another type of change as well, which is changing from something to something else because the act of change keeps everything fresh and keeps us engaged; the act of changing is beneficial in itself.”

Starr explained that she does not plan on bringing politics into her sermons, citing that it is unethical. However, she said that on Yom Kippur, she would address tikkun olam and some specific contemporary problems, because “we have a moral and ethical responsibility to talk about issues.”

Ultimately, she wants to use traditional Jewish values to support a community in the modern world. “I think what we do is work really hard to make the ancient rituals relevant to people’s contemporary lives. We are better people when you engage in these rituals and if we strive to make Judaism relevant to the contemporary world.”

— Daniel Nozick


Rabbi Craig Axler (Photo provided)

Rabbi Craig Axler (Photo provided)

Rabbi Craig Axler

Temple Isaiah

For the last four years, Temple Isaiah has hosted, in addition to regular synagogue services, a free afternoon service at Centennial Park in Ellicott City for Rosh Hashanah, followed by Tashlich at the park, which provides a perfect medium for reflection, Rabbi Craig Axler said.

“It is a fantastic, open community celebration. It is free and in a public space, which really provides for people in the community who wouldn’t have a place to go otherwise,” Axler said. “It is a fun, musical, family-friendly experience. I continue to run into people in the community who say that they or someone they know goes. Many of these people have no other connection to the Jewish community, and I am happy to be able to provide that connection point.”

There are two main points that Axler intends to address in his Rosh Hashanah sermons. “The first comes off of the Torah reading of the past Shabbat, talking about lost items and the mitzvah it is to return them,” he said. “It translates as ‘you shall not be indifferent,’ directly, but I prefer ‘you are incapable of indifference.’ When there are significant problems of the day, you are the cause or the problem, but you cannot just stand there on the sidelines.”

Specifically, Axler wishes to address the plight of refugees. “There should be a Jewish response to the plight of refugees,” he explained. “It is our duty toward them based on our history of needing refuge as a people.”

The rabbi’s second main point is about Israel. “I can’t be neutral on the legitimacy and safety of the state of Israel,” said Axler. “We need to call out unfair media bias toward Israel where it exists, and there are ways in the Jewish community that we don’t show our love and support as fully as we could. The current news cycle, every single moment seems to bring up a new life-or-death situation. We can’t be silent when there is tremendous discrimination in our country and community.”

Outside of his congregation, Axler intends to celebrate Rosh Hashanah with a family dinner and a long walk on the second day with his wife, perhaps to do Tashlich together. “My favorite service is always the second day,” he said. “It is a bit smaller service but less formal as well. The people come simply because it is Rosh Hashanah. I just really enjoy the beginning of every new year.” Axler hopes that this year, he will successfully bake a round challah as opposed to the oblong loaves that he has attained in past years. JT

— Daniel Nozick

Apples and Honey for Seder?

sephardim1For Rosh Hashanah, many Jews eat an apple dipped in honey as an auspicious sign for a sweet new year. The symbolism is clear, and the ritual as easy to pull off as squeezing a bear-shaped plastic bottle of honey.

But what kind of a year could one expect from eating leeks, spinach and a fish head? A year of being a contestant on “Chopped”?

Many Sephardic Jews practice a custom at Rosh Hashanah dinner called yehi ratzones — “may it be God’s will” — which calls for a kind of mini-seder in which a—special blessing is said before eating certain ceremonial foods. Though it’s a custom practiced mainly by Sephardim whose forebears lived in the Ottoman Empire, the idea of eating these special foods at this time of year can be found in the Babylonian Talmud, which mentions that certain fruits and vegetables should be seen on our Rosh Hashanah tables.

In addition to a fish head, Sephardim also serve leeks, beans, squash, dates, pomegranates and a slew of other sweets. The first night, everyone tries not to eat anything sour. The foods are all cooked to be as sweet as possible. Much like apples and honey, the symbolic foods eaten for yehi ratzones also represent the hope for a good coming year.

Many Jews of Ashkenazi origin never heard of the custom. Not only that, but some of the yehi ratzones foods — notably spinach, traditionally served in the form of a cheese-free quajado (a kind of spinach kugel) and — fried leek patties, were found on the family’s seder tables, not at Rosh Hashanah.

Daniel Golfeiz stands in front of a Torah box that stores Sephardic scrolls as a means of protection. Ashkenazi scrolls are freestanding. (Photo provided)

Daniel Golfeiz stands in front of a Torah box that stores Sephardic scrolls as a means of protection. Ashkenazi scrolls are freestanding. (Photo provided)

Ty Alhadeff, the coordinator of the Sephardic studies program at the University of Washington, is a third-generation Rhodesli, as descendants of the Sephardim from Rhodes are called, and a member of Seattle’s Congregation Ezra Bessaroth, which practices the customs of the Rhodes traditions.

Alhadeff explained that the pairing of blessings and foods during yehi ratzones is, at its heart, Hebrew and Aramaic wordplay — puns that rely  on certain words for foods sounding similar to certain Hebrew verb forms.

“It’s like saying ‘May our  enemies be mashed like these mashed potatoes,’” Alhadeff explained.

For instance, the Aramaic word “squash” is “karah,” he explained. The Hebrew word connecting it to the blessing is “karah,” a form of the verb meaning “to tear.” Therefore, when squash is eaten during the seder, the accompanying blessing is “May it be Thy will … You should tear up our evil decree, and let there be read before You, our merits.”

A bit more of a stretch is the Aramaic word for leek, karati,,” and the Hebrew word yikaretu,” cut off, as found in the blessing: “May it be Thy will … to cut off our enemies.”

As for the fish head —  Alhadeff said he uses fish cheek instead — it’s because the word for head, rosh (as in Rosh Hashanah, literally “head of the year”) figures into the yehi ratzones blessing “May it be Thy will … that we may be on the forefront as the head and not in the background as the tail.”

Alhadeff said there have been some attempts at reinterpretations of the yehi ratzones blessings, which shift the meaning while staying true to the specific foods.

“It’s not about the evil decrees being cut,” he said. For example, Alhadeff said he found a blessing for squash that says, “May the coming year grow as a gourd in the fullness of blessing.”

Many Jews of Ashkenazi origin never heard of any common Sephardic practices, surprisingly. For example, whereas most Ashkenazi Jews will only begin to prepare for and celebrate the High Holidays within the week before Rosh Hashanah, Sephardim begin to prepare on the first day of the Hebrew month of Elul, 40 days before Yom Kippur.

We don’t have Reform or Conservative or Orthodox; we all practice together. There are more and less  observant individuals, but we practice together and  respect each other’s methods.
— Daniel Golfeiz, executive director of the  Ohr Hamizrach Sephardic Center


These 40 days represent the time that Moses spent on the Temple Mount to receive the second stone tablets, after the “golden calf error,” said Daniel Golfeiz, executive director of the Ohr Hamizrach Sephardic Center in Baltimore. On each  of these 40 days, Sephardic  congregations will have numerous minyans every morning so that the entire community will have the opportunity to attend.

Golfeiz explained some of the traditions at his shul. During these 40 days, there are four separate minyans every morning. Each morning, different community members will bring cakes, cookies, soup, lentils or some other small dish because they know that everyone in the community will stop by to attend a minyan at some point in the day. Particularly if someone is remembering the passing of a loved one, people will bring food as a mitzvah in the memory of the deceased.

On Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, there is only one minyan each day. “On the High Holidays, we only have one minyan so that the grandfather, father and child can all come together,” Golfeiz said. “There are always three generations at least, if not four. We want generations to have a chance to mingle and learn together.”

“We all pray together, regardless of background,” Golfeiz continued. “We don’t have Reform or Conservative or Orthodox; we all practice together. There are more and less observant individuals, but we practice together and  respect each other’s methods.”

Another unique practice at Ohr Hamizrach is that the synagogue auctions the right to take the Torah out of  the ark. This prevents issues arising when trying to pick someone for the honor and also serves as a way to raise money for the shul.

Another notable difference between Sephardic and Ashkenazi synagogues is the bimah. The bimah is slanted in Ashkenazi synagogues so that the Torah scroll can be laid out and read. However, in Sephardic synagogues, the bimah is flat for the different style of scroll. While Ashkenazi Torahs are freestanding scrolls, Sephardic Torah scrolls are stored in a standing box that confines them, serving to further protect the scroll.

dnozick@midatlanticmedia.com with reporting from JTA

Community Kibitz: Gefilte Fish

This week the JT popped into three area Jewish eateries to ask customers about what turned out to be a rather ticklish subject:

Do you like gefilte fish?

Miller’s Deli, 2849 Smith Ave., Pikesville

Chatting with the ladies who meet here every week to play mah-jongg.

A group of local friends meets weekly at Miller’s Deli to play mah-jongg (Photo by Mathew Klickstein)

A group of local friends meets weekly at Miller’s Deli to play mah-jongg (Photo by Mathew Klickstein)

EILEEN GARFIELD (Pikesville): I make it from the can and it comes out delicious! My family doesn’t really like it, though. They like the fish that I make myself.

MARION AKMAN (Quarry Lake): I make a gefilte fish loaf; I grind it up with veggies, put it in the oven and bake. Everyone loves it.

This leads to an overlapping discussion about gefilte fish grinders; “Do you remember those?” “I saw one on Facebook!” “My bubbe had one.” Further conversing leads to the conclusion that the majority prefers making their gefilte fish from a can. As for whether or not they prefer the gefilte fish that comes in jelly or not, the consensus is a resounding anti-jelly vote. Although some do enjoy using the cooked jelly juice as a kind of de facto broth.

SALLY GROSSMAN (Pikesville): I make my own loaf and all the kids always ask for it: “We want Grandma’s gefilte fish!”

Goldberg’s New York Bagels, 1500 Reisterstown Road, Baltimore

Disparate customers at the bustling deli during lunch time. One, a visitor from as far as Brooklyn, N.Y.

JACK LEW (Brooklyn): I like my gefilte fish. I like it sweet. But food is not a priority in my life.

Pikesville resident Ed Kafes at Goldberg’s New York Bagels (Photo by Mathew Klickstein)

Pikesville resident Ed Kafes at Goldberg’s New York Bagels (Photo by Mathew Klickstein)

ED KAFES (Pikesville): I like it from a bottle. Better than homemade; I don’t know why. Consistency, maybe? I don’t like the jelly. I’m a picky eater; wish I was not. I do like my horseradish hot. Nothing watered down.

ANONYMOUS (Baltimore): I love gefilte fish. It tastes good! But only around the Holidays. I don’t like horseradish. I do like the loaf and I like my gefilte fish sweet. Some don’t like it from a jar, but I do.

JEN KAPLAN (Pikesville): Oh, no jelly, no jar! I prefer veggies if I ever make it. If you mix it with mayonnaise, it’s really good.

Kaplan’s lunch mate sitting across from her wishes not to be named but says she only eats gefilte fish around the Holidays, loves horseradish, and then points across the table, distinguishing Kaplan as a bona fide “gefilte fish expert.”

I used to make it a lot more often. I used to make it on Shabbat a lot, but no more. Too many leftovers. Maybe I should make it for Rosh Hashanah. We’ll see.

Elie Zirkind of Pikesville immediately reveals he at first thought the conversation would be about sushi and is delightfully surprised to discover the subject to be gefilte fish.

ELIE ZIRKIND (Pikesville): I love the kind that comes in a roll. I slice it up and use a little horseradish. It’s good any time of year, not just the Holidays. I know some people who don’t like it and some people who eat it all the time!

STEVE’S DELI, 11299 Owings Mills Blvd., Owings Mills

They call themselves “The Rat Pack” and they meet here once a week after meeting at the local JCC.

Owings Mills’ own “Rat Pack” at Steve’s Deli (Photo by Mathew Klickstein)

Owings Mills’ own “Rat Pack” at Steve’s Deli (Photo by Mathew Klickstein)

JOE MYEROWITZ (Owings Mills): Some of the Ravens players like it! And I love it. But I like it plain. I don’t like anything on it.

JERRY LEVENSON (Owings Mills): No, gotta have carrots and a little bit of sauce.

ERIC YOSPE (Pikesville): Debate in my family is … I like it how my mother made it — in pieces — but everyone else? They like it as a casserole. And I hate it as casserole!

A rowdy cacophony erupts over which variety of horseradish is best: white or red?

ROB GERSTEIN (Reisterstown): I like white; it’s hotter. My wife won’t eat regular gefilte fish. Gotta be sweet. And no carp: either white fish or pike.

HOWARD COHEN (Pikesville): I love it. My wife over there? [He points across the small deli to where the Pack’s collective wives are sequestered, enjoying the spectacle of their boisterous husbands deliberating over gefilte fish.] Her mother made it from chicken! And you’d never know it!

ARNOLD SPEART (Mt. Washington): Aw, everything tastes like chicken.


High Holiday Services

Below are links to information about High Holiday services at Baltimore- and Howard County-area synagogues.


Adat Chaim

Beth Am Synagogue

Beth El Congregation

Beth Israel Congregation

Beth Shalom Congregation

Chevrei Tzedek

Chizuk Amuno Congregation


Baltimore Hebrew Congregation

Bolton Street Synagogue

Har Sinai Congregation

Temple Oheb Shalom

The Reform Temple
(No website)
Owings Mills High School
124 S. Tollgate Road
Rosh Hashanah: Monday Oct. 3, 11 a.m. to 12 p.m.
Yom Kippur: Wednesday Oct. 12, 1 p.m. to 2 p.m.



Congregation Beit Tikvah

Kol HaLev


Agudath Israel of Baltimore

Bais Haknesses Ohr Hachaim

Beth Abraham Anshe Sfard

Beth Tfiloh Congregation

Bnai Jacob Shaarei Zion

B’nai Israel Congregation of Baltimore

Chabad of Owings Mills

Congregation Bais Lubavitch

Beit Yaakov Congregation

Congregation Netivot Shalom

Etz Chaim Fords Lane

Etz Chaim Owings Mills

Moses Montefiore Anshe Emunah Hebrew Congregation

Ner Tamid Greenspring Valley Synagogue

Ohel Moshe

Ohr Hamizrach Sephardic Center

Shearith Israel Congregation

Shomrei Emunah Congregation

Suburban Orthodox Congregation Toras Chaim

The Shul at the Lubavitch Center

Tiferes Yisroel

Winands Road Synagogue

Howard County

Bet Aviv

Calah Congregation

Columbia Jewish Congregation

Congregation Ahavas Israel

Congregation Shalom Aleichem

Temple Beth Shalom

Temple Isaiah

If your synagogue is missing from this list, contact jsilberman@midatlanticmedia.com.

Stumbling Blocks to Repentance Difficulties abound when making a return

Most of us have heard the pillow parable. A Jewish man goes around town, talking smack about the rabbi. Later, the man feels guilty and approaches the sage, asking if there was anything he could do to make it up to him.

The rabbi tells him to cut open a pillow and let the feathers fly across town, which the man does. “Now go gather them up,” the rabbi says.

“That’s impossible,” the man says. “The feathers are everywhere.”

“And so are the words you spoke about me,” the rabbi says.

The moral is clear. For gossip, known in Jewish tradition as lashon hara, or evil speech, the gossiper can’t expect forgiveness from the victim, no matter how bad he or she feels. The words, so freely spread, take on a life of their own.

Chaya Deitsch: “We do forgive each other.” (Provided)

Chaya Deitsch: “We do forgive each other.” (Provided)

The 10 days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are prime time for teshuvah, often translated as “repentance” but is closer in meaning to “turning” or “returning.” Jewish tradition has separate requirements for repenting for misdeeds against God (praying at the Yom Kippur service, for one) and for wrongs committed against other people.

Just as in the case of gossiping, there are wrongs for which you just can’t gather the feathers again.

“You do something in public and things spread,” says Rabbi Avis Miller, president of the Open Dor Foundation in Chevy Chase. “With social media it amplifies the results.”

Teshuvah is not a single act. It is more often described as a process that takes the penitent through the stages of realization and regret, stopping the harmful action, articulating the wrong and asking for forgiveness and resolving never to commit the act again.

Rambam, the medieval scholar, explained how someone knows if he or she has truly done teshuvah, Miller says. “It’s when you’re put in the same position and you do the right thing. That’s the test.”

Asking and receiving forgiveness is often key to clearing one’s conscience. “The emotional well-being of the person who has done wrong — that’s what Yom Kippur is all about,” she says.

But sometimes that’s not possible. A parent who has lapsed into senility or who has died, for example. Or when the person you wronged has disappeared.

“When I was growing up, there was a girl I was not nice to,” says writer Chaya Deitsch. “It still eats at me at what it must have felt like to her. Her family moved away, and I wonder if it was because of me.”

In cases when it’s impossible to do teshuvah, Miller offers this adage, “If you can’t fix what’s broken, fix something else. If you can’t reconcile with that person, if they had a particular value, say, helping the homeless, you do that.”

According to tradition, if one sincerely repents, the victim must forgive him. Forgiveness may not be immediate, but if the penitent asks for forgiveness three times and is refused each time, he or she is considered forgiven. The unforgiving person is now guilty of bearing a grudge.

Certainly the stage where the richest stories of wrongs and forgiveness are played out is the family.

Deitsch’s new memoir, “Here and There: Leaving Hasidism, Keeping My Family,” to be published next month by Schocken, is the latest in the mini-genre of books by authors who grew up in Haredi homes but left religion behind.

In cases when it’s impossible to do teshuvah, Rabbi Avis Miller offers this adage, “If you can’t fix what’s broken, fix something else.”

It joins a small bookshelf containing Leah Vincent’s “Cut Me Loose: Sin and Salvation After My Ultra-Orthodox Girlhood,” Shulem Deen’s “All Who Go Do Not Return,” Deborah Feldman’s “Unorthodox: The Scandalous Rejection of My Hasidic Roots” and “Foreskin’s Lament: A Memoir” by Shalom Auslander.

Like the other memoirists, Deitsch became attracted to secular culture. Unlike them, no scandal surrounded her actions, and she was not written off by her family.

The difference, she says, is “they came from communities where it was just not tolerated.”

Because the family did not break up, it was able to improvise ways to ask forgiveness. “We do forgive each other,” she says.

Despite their confusion and disappointment, Deitsch’s parents decided that family — not social standing in their Chasidic community or strict adherence to ritual observance — came first, she says. “At the heart of it, you stick to family, no matter what.”

When it comes to the question of forgiveness in these memoirs of turning away and rupture, Deitsch wonders, “Who needs to forgive who? It’s a two-way street. Whose cautionary tales are these for?”

Ultimately, teshuvah  is a two-way street.


Navigating Through The Holidays Many Jews are taking time off into next month to contemplate, repent and celebrate

Last Sunday marked the beginning of Rosh Hashanah and the start of the High Holidays. But in broader terms, it marked the beginning of an annual three-week period lasting through Simchat Torah that is virtually consumed by Jewish holidays. In Baltimore, this equates to a steady stream of Jews who will temporarily withdraw from daily life by missing school or work to repent and reflect on the past year, as well as celebrate the new.

The abundance of holidays sometimes can create pragmatic challenges for Jews observing them, as it does for Doni Mayer, a sophomore at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Mayer estimates he will be absent from 20 classes over a total of seven days in observance of the holidays.

Holiday Calendar (Created Ebony Brown)

Holiday Calendar (Created Ebony Brown)

“I have to email all my professors to make sure I’m not missing anything important and that they’re not going to take off points from those assignments,” he said.

Mayer said this year is more challenging due to both Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur falling on weekdays, whereas last year, Yom Kippur was on a Saturday. He anticipates a number of other students at UMBC missing the same amount of class time.

“The professors are very understanding, so most of them understand the religious holidays, and they know the school policy,” he said.

Mayer grew up in Pikesville and attended Beth Tfiloh Dahan Community School, where he became accustomed to not having school on any of these holidays. He said the transition to college was “pretty intense,” but that dealing with makeup work is a small price to pay for the spiritual experience of the holidays.

Following the High Holidays is Sukkot on Sept. 28 and 29, Shmini Atzeret on Oct. 5 and Simchat Torah on Oct. 6.

Rabbi Debbie Pine, the executive director of Johns Hopkins Hillel, said the holidays are a “wonderful and exciting time on campus” and that the timing of the High Holidays works out nicely with the beginning of the academic year.

“What’s really meaningful about this work is for the first time in our students’ lives, they are making a decision about how to celebrate,” she said.

Pine said there are about 600 students total in Hillel and half to one-third of them typically show up for Erev Rosh Hashanah services. Beyond that, she said, students do other activities such as gracing nursing homes with the sound of the shofar, building a sukkah outside the school dining hall and handing out apples and honey.

“It’s never just about services or just about a meal,” she said. “It’s really very broad.”

Pine said she recognizes the difficulties of observing the holidays as a full-time student.

“In a religious academic environment like Hopkins it’s very difficult to miss class,” she said.

At Towson University’s Hillel, many students stay on campus and attend services offered there, said the executive director, Noam Bentov, who is pursuing a master’s degree in Leadership in Jewish Education & Communal Service and said the class will be canceled during Yom Kippur.

“The university’s very understanding and very supportive of students wanting to celebrate their identity,” he said.


Holiday Calendar (Created Ebony Brown)

Holiday Calendar (Created Ebony Brown)

The High Holidays often have an effect on universities that is felt across more than simply the Jewish student body. In UMBC’s Judaic Studies program, a number of faculty members take timeoff to observe the High Holidays themselves in addition to canceling class. Chairwoman Michele Osherow said professors who do this must make up the hours lost by having their students engage in an alternative learning experience. She said this year, an instructor who is teaching a course on modern Jewish history will cancel class for the holidays but take the students on a field trip to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., on a Sunday in October.

“There are ways of learning beyond the classroom,” she said. “The student is also engaging in instruction and engaging in learning.”

Osherow, in her 13th year at UMBC, said the provost’s office issues a memo at the beginning of the year alerting all faculty to the High Holidays. She said students generally do a good job letting her know of their absences through email.

“I have never required a student to prove to me if they are going to be in synagogue observing a holiday,” she said.

Osherow said this year most faculty will observe the High Holidays, but this is not the case with the students.

“Most of the students in my Judaic studies courses are not Jewish,” she said.

Grade schools vary in their observance of the Jewish holidays, with many Jewish day schools canceling class for Sukkot. Baltimore County Public Schools were closed Monday and will close for Yom Kippur this Wednesday. But Baltimore City Public Schools remain open for the High Holidays. Spokeswoman Arezo Rahmani said students who miss class for a religious observance will be excused, but the system has never closed for the High Holidays.

“We’ve never really seen an indication to need to,” she said. “Our attendance rates haven’t been a concern.”

Just as the public schools are prepared to accommodate observant Jews, large employers such as the University of Maryland Medical System also take this into account, said spokeswoman Karen Lancaster.

“While we don’t specifically track those statistics, as with any religious holiday, we encourage flexibility among our managers to allow employees time off to observe the holidays of their faith,” she said. “Of course, hospitals provide patient care 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Our clinicians and other staff collaborate in creating schedules for the whole year to accommodate holiday time off.”

One downtown spot that will observe the holidays is the Jewish Museum of Maryland, which will be closed for all of the Jewish holidays, including Shmini Atzeret and Simchat Torah. It will be open during the intervening days. Deputy Director Deborah Cardin said because the museum is an agency of The Associated: Jewish Community Federation of Baltimore, it maintains a highly observant schedule. She added that the majority of the museum’s employees are Jewish.

Cardin said these holidays typically coincide with the opening of their fall exhibit and that planning must begin early.

“We really have to build in the time and take into account the holiday schedule,” she said.

The museum’s upcoming exhibit on Paul Simon will open Oct. 11, giving staff members a short amount of time to prepare.

“It puts a lot of pressure on our staff to do all the work that needs to be done on a compressed schedule,” she said.

People like to bifurcate things but the truth of the matter is the weight of the High Holidays is really just a reflection of what I believe being a spiritual personal is all about.

Much of Baltimore’s Jewish community lies in the county, and this includes some of its most influential leaders like County Executive Kevin Kamenetz. Fronda Cohen, his spokeswoman, said Kamenetz will attend services at Baltimore Hebrew Congregation during the High Holidays but his office will remain open.

“Observant Jews will take the day off, but there really would be no impact to county services,” she said. “It would be no different than if a Christian were taking off Good Friday.”

One alteration this year will be a temporary halt to roadwork on Old Court Road, where a resurfacing project has led to lane closures and flagging operations. County Councilwoman Vicki Almond made this request “out of respect to the community she represents and the fact that her staff will be at services,” said her spokesman, Jonathan Schwartz. David Peake, an engineer with the Maryland State Highway Administration, responded to her in an email, assuring her they would comply with the request.

“Our maintenance managers for this area wide project have asked the contractor to suspend lane closures at this location on 9/14, 9/15, 9/22, and 9/23,” he wrote. “This project is scheduled to be complete late November.”

Peake also wrote that there will be no planned construction during these days at the I-695 interchanges with Park Heights Avenue and Stevenson Road, but that the Park Heights interchange would remain in its current construction pattern with one lane in each direction.

The temporary changes to society brought on by the holidays may be seen as an obstacle to some, but Rabbi Etan Mintz of B’nai Israel Congregation cautions people not to overlook the importance of this time.

“From a rabbinical perspective, it’s a very powerful thing to have so much time to focus and be in synagogue and be with family,” he said.

Mintz said the work of becoming a better person during the High Holidays requires commitment and compared it to training for a marathon.

“You have to be in it for the long haul,” he said.

Mintz said he understands the stress so much disruption can cause, but argues that slowing down the pace of one’s life ultimately leads to greater

“I think religion in general can become that, [a pain],” he said. “But because we are spending so much time and it matters, I really encourage people to acquire knowledge and become educated about the power of the holidays.”

Mintz said Judaism should not be viewed as a sector of someone’s life but rather a method by which a person lives his or her life.

“People like to bifurcate things but the truth of the matter is the weight of the High Holidays is really just a reflection of what I believe being a spiritual personal is all about,” he said.

Rochelle Kaplan, co-director of the Chabad Center and Lubavitch of Maryland, said the order of the holidays could be likened to the way in which the human body operates.

“Starting with Rosh Hashanah, the head of the year, the head is pretty much the main part of the body that incorporates all the other organs,” she said. “So the head is where we get all the steam for our engines. It helps when we get off to a good start, then everything follows the rest of the year.”