House-Proofing Against Falls
One false step down a staircase or in the shower has the potential to change the life of an elderly person forever. Falls are the leading cause of death due to injury among seniors.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, elders have a one-in-three chance of experiencing a fall in any given year. Falling among older adults is a serious public-health problem. The risk of hurting oneself upon falling increases with age, as reflexes slow, diminishing a person’s ability to protect himself or herself. Bones are more brittle, making senior citizens more susceptible to breaking a wrist or even a hip.
Unlike illnesses and diseases that take the lives of elderly people, falling is completely preventable. If you’re having senior relatives or friends visiting for the holidays, it’s important to ensure your home is safe. Most falls occur in the home around stairs, bathtubs, furniture and carpeting. The risk of a senior falling increases greatly in unfamiliar surroundings.
The first step should be to remove area rugs. Rugs are the leading causes of falls and should be removed in order to accommodate an elderly guest. Next, one must identify and move items in the home that could be hazardous. Remove all clutter from hallways, especially electrical cords. Move furniture away from high-traffic areas in order to provide your loved one with a large walkway, ensuring he or she will not trip. Add extra lighting to areas where he or she will be spending the most time. Dark hallways, kitchens and bathrooms are common places where falls occur.
In addition, ensure your guest room is adaptable to the needs of your guest. Place night tables and shelves in places easily accessible. Offer to help your loved one unpack, being sure to store clothing, medication and other necessities within reach.
Adding safety devices may be necessary. Consider installing nonslip treads for wooden steps. Make sure handrails are easy to see in low light or at night. Extend the handrails, without a break, the full length of the stairs and beyond the top and bottom. Stairs are the most dangerous area of the house for seniors.
Making changes in the guest bathroom is essential. Install support bars for your guest to hold when getting into and out of the bath or shower. Use slip-resistant mats inside and outside of bathtubs. Nonslip decals can be placed inside both bathtubs and showers to ensure a better grip.
Pets can be overly anxious and excited when a guest is visiting. Make sure your pet does not place an elderly guest in a dangerous situation.
You can never be too careful when evaluating the safety of your home. There is no better way to show you care than by preparing your home for the company of an elderly loved one. It is so important to pause and be mindful of our aging relatives. As we prepare our homes for the holidays, take the extra time to ensure your home is safe for all visiting loved ones.
Shoshana Krupp is managing partner at Elite HomeCare Services. SCENEior focuses on the benefits and challenges of growing older.